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 §27.公立入試対策編VOL.4

<Q.1>次の英文を読んで、あとの問に答えなさい。<合計25点>
I like cakes. Making cakes is very interesting. So I decided to
work at a cake shop in town. My friend and I went to the cake shop
called Happy Cake Shop. I will tell you about my work experince there.
My friend and I were asked to get there at seven thirty on the first
day. We thought that it was too early. When we got there at seven
thirty, Mr. and Mrs. Takai, the shop owners, were working. I asked,
“When did you start to work ?” Mr. Takai said,“I usually start to
work at six in the morning.” (I thought that working at a cake shop
was very hard.)
Many customers came to buy cakes at Happy Cake Shop, beacuse cakes
were good, and Mr. and Mrs. Takai were nice to thier customers. I
learned that it was very important for us to be nice to other people.
On the last day two small children came to the shop and said,“We
want to buy a birthday cake for our mother.” They only had three
hundred yen. They had to buy a small cake. When they started to go
home, Mr. Takai said,“Wait. I have a good idea!” He wrote“Happy
Birthday!”on the cake with chocolate. Mrs. Takai put the cake in a
beautiful box. The children said,“Oh, good! Thank you.” They looked
very happy. I believed that the small cake for their mother was ( A )
than a big one.
It was not easy to work at the shop. But when I saw the children's
smile, I thought that it was not bad to work.
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
(注)work experience:職場体験 shop owner:店主 customer:お客
  chocolate:チョコレート
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
(1)( )のように由美子さんが思った理由は何か。日本語で書きなさい。
(5点)
〔                                  〕

(2)たくさんのお客さんが高井さんの店にケーキを買いに来る理由は何か。2
 つ日本語で書きなさい。(各4点×2=8点)
〔                                  〕
〔                                  〕

(3)( A )に入る適切な英語1語を書きなさい。(4点)
〔        〕

(4)次の,△亮遡笋法⊆膰譴汎飴譴里△覬冓犬播えなさい。(各4点×2=8点)
What time did Yumiko and her friend arrive at the cake shop on the
first day ?
   →

What did Yumiko think when she saw the children's smile ?
   →

<Q.2>次の各英文(入試長文の中の一部)を参考にして、次の問に対する答え
 を英語で書きなさい。            <各4点×5=20点>
(1) Nancy looked for books on foreign countries for about thirty
minutes. She was very happy when she found a book on Australia.
(問) What book did Nancy find when she went to the city library first ?
   →

(2) The sun and the wind are good examples. The energy produced from
them is clean, so we have no air pollution.
(問) Does the energy from the wind make air pollution ?
   →

(3) In 1986, a very sad accident happened. Seven Americans who were
going to go to outer space were killed in a space-ship accident.
She thought that she would not be able to go to outer space, but
she never stopped having her dream.
(問) What did she think when a very sad accident happened in 1986.
   →

(4) Australia is a large country, but most people live in cities.
These cities near the sea. Most doctors live there, too.
(問) Where do most doctors live in Australia ?
   →

(5) Lucy:Isn't it difficult to grow tulips ?
Makoto:I don't think so. I think it's easy. If you give them
enough water, they usually grow well.
(問) Does Makoto think it is difficult to grow tulips ?
   →

<Q.3>次の英文を〔  〕に和訳しなさい。    <各4点×5=20点>
(1) You can learn how the students lived and studied in this school.
〔                                 〕

(2) We can cook many kinds of food easily at home. We can quickly get
the information we need by using computer, too.
〔                                 

(3) Jane was as old as I, but she had a very different way of thinking.
〔                                 〕

(4) Try to exchange ideas with the people you meet. You can get new
infomation and learn different ways of thinking by doing so.
    (exchange:交換する)
〔                                
 〕
(5) It is very important for us to think more about the relation
between nature and our life. Now let's find the way to live
together with nature. (relation:関係)
〔                                
 〕

<Q.4>次の日本文を英作しなさい。        <各4点×3=12点>
(1)あなたは金沢に行ったことがありますか。 はい、一度あります。

(2)彼らは町の空き缶(used cans)を集め始めた。

(3)私達にとって海をきれいにしておくことは大切です。


<Q.5>次の各設問をよく読んで、条件に合う英文を書きなさい。
                        <合計23点>
(1)次は、留学生のKate と中学生の順子との会話である。順子のつもりになっ
 て、次の( 法繊吻)に適当な英文を書きなさい。但し、()と()は3語
 以上用いること。時刻は英語で表す。(各4点×3=12点)
Kate: Junko, do you know what time it is now ?
Junko: Yes. ( )
Kate: Oh, no! I will be late.
Junko: ( )
Kate: I have to meet my friend at noon at the station. It takes
thiry minutes to walk there.
Junko: Don't worry. I have a good idea. ( )
Kate: Really ? Thank you very much.
 答え→( )
( )
( )

(2)次の英文は、中学生のMasao と友人のTomoko との会話である。 銑に
 適切な英語を入れて英文を完成しなさい。但し、,榔儻1語、◆↓は2語
 以上の英語で、前後の状況から考えて書きなさい。(3点4点4点=11点)
Masao: When I was coming back from school yesterday, I met a man.
He was in trouble, beacuse he didn't know the ( ) to the
post office.
Tomoko: Then, did you tell him how to go there ?
Masao: Yes. At that time he looked happy and said, “( ).”
I was very glad to hear that.
Tomoko: You did a good thing.
Masao: Do you think so ?
Tomoko: Yes, of course. I think it is important to ( ).
答え→( ) ( )
( )

∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞
 【解答】と【ちょっぴりアドバイス】
∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞
<Q.1>次の英文を読んで、あとの問に答えなさい。<合計25点>
(1)( )のように由美子さんが思った理由は何か。日本語で書きなさい。
(5点)
〔ケーキ屋さんの店主は朝早くから働いていたから。〕

(2)たくさんのお客さんが高井さんの店にケーキを買いに来る理由は何か。2
 つ日本語で書きなさい。(各4点×2=8点)
〔ケーキがおいしいこと。    〕
〔高井夫妻がお客さんに親切なこと。〕

(3)( A )に入る適切な英語1語を書きなさい。(4点)
〔better 〕

(4)次の,△亮遡笋法⊆膰譴汎飴譴里△覬冓犬播えなさい。(各4点×2=8点)
What time did Yumiko and her friend arrive at the cake shop on the
first day ?
   →They arrived (there) at seven thirty.

What did Yumiko think when she saw the children's smile ?
   →She thought (that) it was not bad to work.
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
◎今回は特に説明はありません。解答をよく参照して、もし間違ってる場合は
 しっかり自分で研究してください。では、本番のテストを頑張って!

<Q.2>次の各英文(入試長文の中の一部)を参考にして、次の問に対する答え
 を英語で書きなさい。            <各4点×5=20点>
(1) Nancy looked for books on foreign countries for about thirty
minutes. She was very happy when she found a book on Australia.
(問) What book did Nancy find when she went to the city library first ?
   →She found a book on Australia.

(2) The sun and the wind are good examples. The energy produced from
them is clean, so we have no air pollution.
(問) Does the energy from the wind make air pollution ?
   →No, it doesn't.

(3) In 1986, a very sad accident happened. Seven Americans who were
going to go to outer space were killed in a space-ship accident.
She thought that she would not be able to go to outer space, but
she never stopped having her dream.
(問) What did she think when a very sad accident happened in 1986.
   →She thought that she would not be able to go to outer space.

(4) Australia is a large country, but most people live in cities.
These cities near the sea. Most doctors live there, too.
(問) Where do most doctors live in Australia ?
   →They live near the sea./ They live in cities./
They live in cities near the sea.

(5) Lucy:Isn't it difficult to grow tulips ?
Makoto:I don't think so. I think it's easy. If you give them
enough water, they usually grow well.
(問) Does Makoto think it is difficult to grow tulips ?
   →No, he doesn't.
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――

<Q.3>次の英文を〔  〕に和訳しなさい。    <各4点×5=20点>
(1) You can learn how the students lived and studied in this school.
〔あなたは学生達がこの学校でどのように生活し、勉強してるかを学ぶことが
 出来る。〕

(2) We can cook many kinds of food easily at home. We can quickly get
the information we need by using computer, too.
〔私達は家で容易にたくさんの種類の食べ物を料理することが出来る。 私達
 はまたコンピューターを使って必要とする情報をすばやく手に入れることが
 出来る。〕

(3) Jane was as old as I, but she had a very different way of thinking.
〔ジェーンは私と同じ歳でしたが、彼女はとても違った考え方を持っていた(
 していた)。〕

(4) Try to exchange ideas with the people you meet. You can get new
infomation and learn different ways of thinking by doing so.
    (exchange:交換する)
〔あなたが会う人と考えを交換するようにしなさい(心がけなさい)。 あなた
 はそうすることによって新しい情報を得、異なった(さまざまな)考え方を学
 ぶことが出来る。〕

(5) It is very important for us to think more about the relation
between nature and our life. Now let's find the way to live
together with nature. (relation:関係)
〔私達にとって、自然と私達の生活の(間の)関係についてもっと多くのことを
考えることは、とても大切です。さあ、自然とともに生きる(共生する)方法
 を見つけましょう。〕
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――

<Q.4>次の日本文を英作しなさい。        <各4点×3=12点>
(1)あなたは金沢に行ったことがありますか。 はい、一度あります。
Have you ever been to Kanazawa ? Yes, I have been there once.

(2)彼らは町の空き缶(used cans)を集め始めた。
They began to collect used cans in the town.

(3)私達にとって海をきれいにしておくことは大切です。
It is important for us to keep the sea clean.
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――

<Q.5>次の各設問をよく読んで、条件に合う英文を書きなさい。
                        <合計23点>
(1)次は、留学生のKate と中学生の順子との会話である。順子のつもりになっ
 て、次の( 法繊吻)に適当な英文を書きなさい。但し、()と()は3語
 以上用いること。時刻は英語で表す。(各4点×3=12点)
Kate: Junko, do you know what time it is now ?
Junko: Yes. ( )
Kate: Oh, no! I will be late.
Junko: ( )
Kate: I have to meet my friend at noon at the station. It takes
thiry minutes to walk there.
Junko: Don't worry. I have a good idea. ( )
Kate: Really ? Thank you very much.
 答え→(例 It is eleven forty. /It is eleven fifty. )
(例  Why will you be late ? /Why are you late ? )
(例 I will ask my father to take you there by car. / I will
        ask my mother to drive you to the station. )
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
★会話文中に適切な英文を自分で考えて挿入する問題形式。前後の文をしっか
 りつかみ、特に後の文によく注意して、自然な流れになる文を作る。

(2)次の英文は、中学生のMasao と友人のTomoko との会話である。 銑に
 適切な英語を入れて英文を完成しなさい。但し、,榔儻1語、◆↓は2語
 以上の英語で、前後の状況から考えて書きなさい。(3点4点4点=11点)
Masao: When I was coming back from school yesterday, I met a man.
He was in trouble, beacuse he didn't know the ( ) to the
post office.
Tomoko: Then, did you tell him how to go there ?
Masao: Yes. At that time he looked happy and said, “( ).”
I was very glad to hear that.
Tomoko: You did a good thing.
Masao: Do you think so ?
Tomoko: Yes, of course. I think it is important to ( ).
答え→(way ) (例 Thank you very much. /You are very kind. )
(例 be kind to other people /help other people /help other
     people in trouble /do something usuful for others など)

―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
★条件英作文問題 自分の書ける表現、単語を使い、無理せず書くことを目指
 してください。