実力をつける中3英語―高校入試へ向けて― 
 §34.1,2年の同意文総まとめ[50個]
<Q.1>【A】次の2文がほぼ同じ意味になるよう、( )に適語を入れなさい。
                         <各2点×10=20点>
1. Which is your knife ?
=Which knife is (        ) ?

2. He doesn't have any friends.
=He has (    ) friends.

3. She speaks Chinese well.
=She (   ) a good (           ) of Chinese.

4. We have much rain in June.
=It (        ) a lot in June.

5. I am a member of the soccer club of our school.
=I (          ) to the soccer club of our school.

6. Bob is one of my friends.
=Bob is a friend (    )(        ).

7. Ken likes music very much.
=Ken (    ) very (        )(    ) music.

8. We walked to church.
=We went to church (   )(        ).

9. I help him and he also helps me. (also:もまた)
=We help (        )(         ).

10.Is that her camera ?
=Is that camera (       ) ?

<Q.2>【B】次の2文がほぼ同じ意味になるよう、( )に適語を入れなさい。
                         <各2点×30=60点>
1. We will stay in Okinawa for two weeks.
=We (   )(        )(   ) stay in Okinawa for two weeks.

2. Hanako must finish her homework by tomorrow.
=Hanako (       )(    ) finish her homework by tomorrow.

3. My sister can play the piano very well.
=My sister (    )(         )(    ) play the piano very well.

4. Let's go for a walk.
=(        )(    ) go for a walk ?

5. Please tell me the way to the station.
=(        )(      ) tell me the way to the station ?

6. Alice plays the piano very well.
=Alice is very (        )(    ) playing the piano .

7. Don't swim in this river.
=You (        )(      ) swim in this river.

8. He made her son a large box.
=He made a large box (      ) her son.

9. My father likes to take a walk early in the morning.
=My father likes (           ) a walk early in the morning.


10.I like this book the best of all the books.
=I like this book (         ) than (      )(        ) book.

11.Our country has a lot of moutains.
=(        )(     ) a lot of moutains (    ) our country.

12.You don't have to come here.
=You (        )(      ) come here.

13.Shall we look after people in the nursing home ?
=(      )(        ) looking after people in the nursing home ?

14.I want to visit Italy some day.
=I (        )(        )(    ) visit Italy some day.

15.He is our English teacher.
=He (          ) English (    ) us.

16.The book is interesting to me.
=I (    )(             )(    ) the book.

17.How many people do you have in your family ?
=How many people (     )(          ) in your family ?

18.How about going to the movies ?
=(      )(        ) you go to the movies ?

19.He didn't say anything to me.
=He said (           ) to me.

20.Tom likes tennis. Ben likes tennis, too.
=(       ) Tom (      ) Ben (        ) tennis.

21.May I come in ?
=(      )(   ) come in ?

22.Must you finish the work at once ?
=(    ) you (        )(    ) finish the work at once ?

23.Bill had coffee before he went to bed.
=Bill had coffee before (          ) to bed.

24.He didn't say good-bye and went out of the room.
=He went out of the room (           )(          ) good-bye.

25.Speaking English is difficult for me.
=(   )(          ) English is difficult for me.

26.I must do a lot of things this evening.
=I (        ) a lot of things (    )(    ) this evening.

27.Ben showed me his album.
=Ben showed his album (    )(    ).

28.If you don't hurry up, you'll miss the train.
=(         ) up, (    ) you'll miss the train.

29.My guitar is not as good as yours.
=Your gutiar is (         )(        ) mine.

30.Betty is younger than Alice. Nancy is older than Alice.
=Nancy is (     )(          )(    ) the three.


<Q.3>【C】次の2文がほぼ同じ意味になるよう、( )に適語を入れなさい。
                         <各2点×10=20点>
1. Please tell me the way to the station.
=(       )(      ) I get to the station ?

2. What day of the month is it today ?
=What is the (        ) today ?

3. We can't live if we don't have water.
=We can't live (          ) water.

4. Why did you get so angry ?
=(        )(        ) you so angry ?

5. He went to France when he was fifteen years old.
=He went to France (   )(    )(     )(   ) fifteen.

6. He threw the ball as far as possible. (far:遠く)
=He threw the ball as far as (    )(        ).

7. How old is this church ?
=(       ) is the (     ) of this church ?

8. How is the weather in Okinawa ?
=(       ) is the weather (       ) in Okinawa ?

9. While I was staying in Nara, I visited many temples.
=(         ) my (        ) in Nara, I visited many temples.

10.We are free this afternoon.
=We have (           )(    ) do this afternoon.

∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞
 【解答】と【ちょっぴりアドバイス】
∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞∞
<Q.1>【A】次の2文がほぼ同じ意味になるよう、( )に適語を入れなさい。
                         <各2点×10=20点>
1. Which is your knife ?
=Which knife is (yours ) ?

2. He doesn't have any friends.
=He has (no ) friends.

3. She speaks Chinese well.
=She (is ) a good (speaker ) of Chinese.

4. We have much rain in June.
=It (rains ) a lot in June.

5. I am a member of the soccer club of our school.
=I (belong ) to the soccer club of our school.

6. Bob is one of my friends.
=Bob is a friend (of )(mine ).

7. Ken likes music very much.
=Ken (is ) very (fond )(of ) music.

8. We walked to church.
=We went to church (on )(foot ).

9. I help him and he also helps me. (also:もまた)
=We help (each )(other ).

10.Is that her camera ?
=Is that camera (hers ) ?
―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
● 厳密ではないけど、中1で知っておくべき書き換えを10問用意した。
 えっ?! こんなレベルで出来ないのがある? それは大変、すぐに覚えて
 !! あくまで文で覚えることが大切。
・1番。「どちらがあなたのナイフですか」「どちらのナイフがあなたのですか」
 which は主語にもなれる疑問詞。 あと10番にもいえるが、所有代名詞をし
 っかり覚えて。「〜なもの」 mine(私のもの),yours(君のもの),his(彼の
 もの),hers(彼女のもの),ours(私たちのもの),theirs(彼らのもの)
・2番。not 〜any =no 〜「まったく(ぜんぜん・一つも)〜ない」
・5番。be a member of 〜=belong to 〜「〜に所属している」
・6番。「わたしの友人の一人」a friend of mine =one of my friends
・7番。like 〜=be fond of 〜
・8番。walk to 〜=go to 〜on foot 「〜に歩いて行く」
・9番。each other :お互いに

<Q.2>【B】次の2文がほぼ同じ意味になるよう、( )に適語を入れなさい。
                         <各2点×30=60点>
1. We will stay in Okinawa for two weeks.
=We will stay in Okinawa for two weeks.

2. Hanako must finish her homework by tomorrow.
=Hanako (has )(to ) finish her homework by tomorrow.

3. My sister can play the piano very well.
=My sister (is )(able )(to ) play the piano very well.

4. Let's go for a walk.
=(Shall )(we ) go for a walk ?

5. Please tell me the way to the station.
=(Will )(you ) tell me the way to the station ?

6. Alice plays the piano very well.
=Alice is very (good )(at ) playing the piano .

7. Don't swim in this river.
=You (must )(not ) swim in this river.

8. He made her son a large box.
=He made a large box (for ) her son.

9. My father likes to take a walk early in the morning.
=My father likes (taking ) a walk early in the morning.


10.I like this book the best of all the books.
=I like this book (better ) than (any )(other ) book.

11.Our country has a lot of moutains.
=(There )(are ) a lot of moutains (in ) our country.

12. You don't have to come here.
=You (need )(not ) come here.

13.Shall we look after people in the nursing home ?
=(How )(about ) looking after people in the nursing home ?

14.I want to visit Italy some day.
=I (would )(like )(to ) visit Italy some day.

15.He is our English teacher.
=He (teaches ) English (to ) us.

16.The book is interesting to me.
=I (am )(interested )(in ) the book.

17.How many people do you have in your family ?
=How many people (are )(there ) in your family ?

18.How about going to the movies ?
=(Why )(don't ) you go to the movies ?

19.He didn't say anything to me.
=He said (nothing ) to me.

20.Tom likes tennis. Ben likes tennis, too.
=(Both ) Tom (and ) Ben (like ) tennis.

21.May I come in ?
=(Can )(I ) come in ?

22.Must you finish the work at once ?
=(Do ) you (have )(to ) finish the work at once ?

23.Bill had coffee before he went to bed.
=Bill had coffee before (going ) to bed.

24.He didn't say good-bye and went out of the room.
=He went out of the room (without )(saying ) good-bye.

25.Speaking English is difficult for me.
=(To )(speak ) English is difficult for me.

26.I must do a lot of things this evening.
=I (have ) a lot of things (to )(do ) this evening.

27.Ben showed me his album.
=Ben showed his album (to )(me ).

28.If you don't hurry up, you'll miss the train.
=(Hurry ) up, (or ) you'll miss the train.

29.My guitar is not as good as yours.
=Your gutiar is (better )(than ) mine.

30.Betty is younger than Alice. Nancy is older than Alice.
=Nancy is (the )(oldest )(of ) the three.
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★ 中2で学習した文法の全範囲から30問、まとめてみた。これで全てではない
 けど、ほぼ大切な基本的なものは入っている。
 まあ大事な基本的なものばかりですね。実力テストでこの中から必ず出るも
 のばかり。なんとしても今のうちに、一番を含めて40問は完全暗記すべし!!
 
・1番、2番、3番。will =be going to ,must =have to ,can =be able to
 基本中の基本ですね。助動詞の書き換え。
・4番と13番と18番。「〜しませんか・するのはどうですか」と誘ったり、提
 案したりする表現。Let's 〜(〜しましょう)=Shall we 〜?(〜しましょう
 か)=How about 〜ing ・・?(〜するのはどうですか)=Why don't you 〜?
 =Would you like to 〜?(〜しませんか) 5通り覚えたら、入試は万全!!
・5番。丁寧な命令文(〜してください)=Will you 〜?(〜してしくれませんか)
・6番。be good at 動名詞 「〜するのが上手です・得意です」⇔be poor at
・7番。Don't 〜.=You must not 〜.「〜してはいけません」
・8番と27番。二重目的語 make・buy +もの+“for”+人
  give・send・tell・show・lend・teach +もの+“to”+人 完全暗記!
・9番。動名詞も不定詞もどちらも取る動詞。like,love,start,begin
・10番。実力テストでよく出るね。形は比較級、意味は最上級
 比較級+than+any other +単数名詞:他のどんな〜よりも
・12番。「〜する必要はない」don't have to=don't need to=need not
・14番。「〜したい(と思う)」want to 〜=would like to 〜
・16番。人+be intereted in+もの(〜に興味がある)
   =もの+be intereting to+人(〜にとって面白い)
・17番。「あなたの家族は何人ですか」意外と書けない。よく覚えて!
・20番。both A and B :AもBも両方とも(複数扱い!)
・23番。before は接続詞も前置詞もある。「ビルは寝る前にコーヒーを飲ん
 だ」 上は接続詞、下は前置詞でその後は動名詞が来ている。
・24番。「彼はさよならも言わずに部屋から出て行った」without +動名詞
 (〜しないで) 下の文を丸暗記すべし!!
・25番。不定詞の名詞的用法(〜すること)と動名詞は主語にも用いる。
 3人称単数扱いに注意。
・26番。これもほんとよくテストで出るね。「私は今晩たくさんのことをしな
 ければならない」「私はすべきたくさんのことを持っている」不定詞の形容
 詞的用法。
・28番。If 節と命令文,and(or)〜.の書き換え。
 命令文,and 〜.「・・しなさい、そうすれば〜」
 命令文,or 〜. 「・・しなさい、さもないと〜」

<Q.3>【C】次の2文がほぼ同じ意味になるよう、( )に適語を入れなさい。
                         <各2点×10=20点>
1. Please tell me the way to the station.
=(How )(can ) I get to the station ?

2. What day of the month is it today ?
=What is the (date ) today ?

3. We can't live if we don't have water.
=We can't live (without ) water.

4. Why did you get so angry ?
=(What )(made ) you so angry ?

5. He went to France when he was fifteen years old.
=He went to France (at )(the )(age )(of ) fifteen.

6. He threw the ball as far as possible. (far:遠く)
=He threw the ball as far as (he )(could ).

7. How old is this church ?
=(What ) is the (age ) of this church ?

8. How is the weather in Okinawa ?
=(What ) is the weather (like ) in Okinawa ?

9. While I was staying in Nara, I visited many temples.
=(During ) my (stay ) in Nara, I visited many temples.

10.We are free this afternoon.
=We have (nothing )(to ) do this afternoon.
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★ ちょっとまだ知らないかな、でも少し余計に勉強していれば出てくる、や
 や応用っぽいものをまとめてみた。学力に差が出るもの中心。でも、覚えり
 ゃあすむことは、勉強の中では簡単だよ。だからノートに繰り返し、手で練
 習して暗記して。いずれ3年の学力テスト、模擬テスト、入試でも出題され
 るから。今のうちに、これくらいは覚えて。まだ中3では、この他あるんだ
 からね。
・1番。How can I get to 〜?「〜へはどうやって行けばいいですか」道案内
 を訊く表現。
・2番。今日は何月何日ですか
・3番。without 「〜なしで」この前置はよくテストで出るよ。
・4番。第5文型を取るmake(〜させる)。What made you so angry ?
 「何があなたをそんなに怒らせたのですか」→「あなたはなぜそんなに怒っ
  たのですか」 私立入試頻出。
・5番。at the age of 〜:〜歳の時に
・6番。as 〜as possible =as 〜as one can :できるだけ〜
・7番。「この教会は建てられてどのくらいになりますか」の意。
・8番。「〜の天気はどうですか」
 How is the weather in 〜 ? = What is the weather like in 〜 ?
・9番。while 〜の間